What is Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is an endoscopic procedure used to visualise the inside of the uterus (uterine cavity) by the means of a telescopic camera. The procedure is named after hysteroscope- a thin tube with light on the end which is inserted into the uterus via vaginal cavity.

Hysteroscopy is a very important procedure in assisted reproduction techniques as the implantation of embryo happens in uterine cavity. This procedure helps to identify if there are any intrauterine causes to the infertility . It is also used to diagnose various abnormalities and conditions which can lead to infertility.


Hysteroscopy – Application

The procedure of hysteroscopy involves inserting the hysteroscope within the uterine cavity with lens fitted on it which in turn is connected to a screen. The camera is passed through the vagina, through the cervix, and into the cavity of the uterus. It can be done with or without anaesthesia. Medicine might be given to patient to make them relax.

The interior of the uterus is seen through the scope introduced. It involves inflation of the uterus with saline solution which in turn helps to clearly inspect interior of the uterus and its lining (Endometrium), openings of the fallopian tubes from inside and any abnormalities within the uterus.

Common abnormalities seen within the uterus are –

  • Polyps
  • Adhesions
  • Scarring/fibrous coating of the uterine cavity
  • Septum-incomplete or complete
  • Fibroids- submucosal.

complications and precautions

Hysteroscopy – Complications and Precautions

Just like any medical procedure, you could have some complications from a hysteroscopy, including:

  • Complications from the anaesthesia
  • Infection
  • Tearing or damage to your cervix although it is quite rare
  • Problems with gas or fluid from the uterus
  • Damage to nearby organs like the bladder, bowel, or ovaries
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease

One may have some mild cramping or bleeding for a few days after the procedure. The doctor may give you medicine to help with any pain and ask to refrain from any sexual intercourse for a while.

Although hysteroscopy is quite a common procedure nowadays it must be done by expert with all the necessary precautions for the safety of the patient. Dr. Puneet’s fertility clinic has the best infrastructure and the guidance of experienced professionals to conduct the procedure safely and skilfully.

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Dr. Puneet Rana Arora


Dr. Puneet Rana Arora

Reproductive endocrinology and infertility

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